Kata is the essence and foundation of Karate-Do. It is about performing fixed sequences comprising specific defence and attacking techniques from imaginary defending, attacking and fighting directions. Kata teaches concepts such as timing and distance, executed at fast (hard) and slow (soft) speeds. Practicing Kata enhances awareness, spirit, focus, strength, speed, concentration and stamina.
Goju-ryu karate-do kata we practiced are :
- Geksai (Attack and Destroy) I
- Geksai (Attack and Destroy) II
- Saifa (Smash and Tear)
- Sanchin (Three battles)
- Tensho (Heaven’s Breath)
- Seiyunchin (Attack, Conquer and Suppress)
- Shisochin (Destroy in 4 Directions)
- Sanseru (36 hands)
- Seipai (18 hands)
- Kururunfa (Holding and striking)
- Seisan (13 hands)
- Suparinpei (108 hands)
Disclaimer: Please be advised that the below kata demonstration videos are sourced from Youtube. These kata are not performed by members of GRKAS.
撃砕 1 (Gekisai Dai-ichi)
Gekisai incorporates the basic stance and offensive, defensive techniques of Gojuryu, and allows practitioners to learn beginners techniques as well as more advanced skills.
撃砕 2 (Gekisai Dai-ni)
A major feature of this kata is it introduces nekoashi-dachi (cat stance), kake uke (outer hook block) and mawashi uke (ciruclar block) which are representative techniques of Goju-ryu.
Saifa is not an easy kata, it requires a high degree of balance and proficiency in attacks to different parts of the body. The practitioner executes a continuous flow of movements to surprise the opponent.
Tensho is derived from Chinese white crane kata practiced by southern Shorinryu. The power is focused in Seika tanden (position below the navel) to train ki. The practitioner learns various open-handed blocks through correct posture and breathing control.
This kata refines fighting skills, exercise self-control, and create strong mind and body.
Chojun Miyagi : “Coordinate the muscles as you inhale and exhale to help you in your quest for mastery of offensive and defensive techniques and in achieving sound mind and body.”
Seiyunchin is the only kata in Goju-ryu kata without a kick. It is an exquisite kata that combines techniques that are times powerful as to break an arm or leg and at other times tenacious, soft and flowing.
Sanseru simulates movement around the opponent in close-quarter fights and emphasizes the destruction of the opponent’s mobility by means of lower thrust kicks.
This kata is practiced primarily with open hands with sequences of techniques focusing on twisting the hip. It requires the practitioner to be familiar with the distribution of power and angle in open hand techniques.
Seipai includes techniques that take the opponent by surprise. It features a series of combined offensive and defensive techniques that mix slow and fast attack moves. Such as maneuvering close to the opponent to execute elbow strikes.
The kata begins by moving away from the opponent’s attack and executing a lower kick without resistance. Open hand offence and defence are a major feature of this kata.
Seisan requires accurate offensive, defensive techniques and body movements. This kata is characteristic of Naha-te Gojuryu. It features a variety of techniques of kicks, strikes, and blocks.
Suparinpei requires accurate basic techniques and incorporates various movements including a very difficult inner crescent kick. This kata is usually performed by higher level karate practitioners.